Study programme and level
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Content (Syllabus outline):
– This class focuses on two important issues for international relations, world order, and geopolitics: borders and migrations. At the beginning, we present the borders of the Roman Empire, its division into Eastern and Western parts, the transfer of its capital to Byzantium (330 a.d.), the demise of Western Rome (476 a.d.), and then of the rest of the empire in 1453. We will discuss the concept of empire and compare it to the concept of the nation state. At the same time, we introduce and discuss the issues of migrations and borders, which are not only geographical-political, but also borders of a certain order (cultural-civilizational, religious, and even ethnic borders).
– The following section is a brief presentation of the successor of Western Rome – the Holy Roman Empire and its borders.
– We will deal with the enlargement of European integration, its normative bases and historical course, focusing on the specific issues of each enlargement.
– The main focus of the enlargement of European integration is on the period of the fall of the Iron Curtain and the issue of the new European order represented by the Paris Charter for a New Europe.
– The implementation of the paradigms of return to Europe and Europe whole and free are discussed below. We will discuss the role of NATO and its enlargement, the enlargement of the EU (2004-2013), and the prospects of EU enlargement for the region of SE Europe (former Yugoslavia minus Slovenia and Croatia plus Albania). This section concludes with a discussion of the European Neighborhood Policy, that sheds light on the issues of the Eastern Partnership (frozen conflicts and color revolutions) and the Union for the Mediterranean (political turmoil has triggered extreme migratory pressure on Europe).
– The following section focuses on the in-depth discussion of the Area of freedom, security and justice, Schengen area, common policy on asylum and Dublin system, as well as the issue of burden sharing between Member States.
– The course concludes with the demographic and migration situation in Europe and a discussion of the migrations of 2015 caused by crises in the Mediterranean (former Roman Empire).